In this article we will be discussing an extremely important aspects of learning called Motivation. Being in the IT education industry more than 20 years and have seen different kind of students I have noticed that it is no piece of cake to motivate learners. Many factors influence the learning process. In this article we will be discussing on How to motivate Students and what are the strategies that we as teacher can apply to motivate them.
9 Motivational Strategies
Here I will be sharing my experience which I have learnt over the years. I have also create a Powerpoint presentation on Motivation.
In one of the training workshops, a teacher educator asked the participants, Who would you still like to listen to and why?
Many participants remembered their teacher who inspired them and made a difference in their lives and said they would still like to listen to them. Those teachers who are enthusiastic and passionate about teaching can make an everlasting influence on their students.
II. Internal and External factors of Motivation
A teacher can do a lot to motivate his/her learners. Motivation can work wonders in the classroom. However, there are components that are internal or external.
Internal Factors of Motivation
- The individual’s drive of the listener.
- Perceived relevance or values of the learning activity.
- Feelings of competence in a chosen area.
- Personal definitions and judgments of success and failure.
- Attitude towards the learning situation.
- Confidence level, and so on.
Some of the External Factors of motivation are
- The roles played by parent.
- The role played teachers and peers.
- The nature of classroom interaction.
- The learning environment and related attitudes.
These factors play an important role in all kinds of learning situation.Motivation is generally regarded as an essential element in the teaching-learning process.
- Motivating an individual or a team is not a one time affair.
- Motivation is dynamic and continuous until specified result is achieved.
- Motivation is a process consisting of several distinct phases.
III. Motivational Needs For Students
Holding on to a commitment is like holding a very hot rock, the chances that you will continue to hold it is near zero. But with time, it will get easier since the rock will become colder.
- Motivation needs to be generated as a child has to be motivated to pursue a task or choose a goal.
- The generated motivation needs to be actively maintained and protected.
A student may be motivated initially to do a task but he/she may not be able to sustain the motivation until the completion of the task therefore, students need Coach or mentor or a teacher’s support for them to stay focused and maintain their motivation.Finally, there is a the phase called motivational retro phase. This is concerned with the learner’s retrospective evaluation of how things went.
Encouraging learners to reflect on past experiences will help them in activities they will be motivated to pursue in future.
IV. Motivation strategies
The above hot rock example is a very nice way to describe motivation, but what on earth are you going to say to yourself in order to avoid dropping the rock every second. Remember, it is a very hot rock.
How to sustain your motivation 24/7. That is one of the biggest secret of motivation. Believe me, you can easily motivate a person. Some people are doing this everyday to their employees or students in a class.
There are studies that suggest that all student/learners are motivated to learn under the right conditions. However, not all teachers are skilled at creating the right conditions in their classroom. Many teachers have rewards and punishments as the only tools to work on their student’s motivation. There are several effective motivational strategies that will work in the classroom.
According to a well-known Hungarian motivational theorist Zoltan Dornyei, there are a number of strategies to create a positive motivational climate in the classroom. For the the student takes learning very seriously, sudents should never get the feeling that the teacher does not care about their progress in learning. If they feel so, even the most dedicated learners are likely to be affected and become demoralized.
Therefore, offering concrete assistance, offering to meet students individually to explain things, correcting assignments, test papers and other student works promptly, etc., become important in showing your students that their learning matters to you. Below are the list of 9 strategies to motivate your students
1. Develop a personal relationship with your students:
Students should feel at ease in the classroom and like their teacher. having a positive relationship with students on a personal, and not just on an academic level, is important for a motivating teacher.
2. Create a pleasant and supportive atmosphere in the classroom:
Accept mistakes as a natural part of learning, encourage risk –taking among students, use humor, and involve students in personalizing the physical environment of the classroom will also determine the dynamics of the lesson. Hence, students sitting in groups around small tables or a horseshoe arrangement may be better options.
Interaction, co-operation and the sharing of genuine personal information among learners are important in creating cohesive learner group. Smaller-group tasks where students mix with each other, co-curricular activities, outing, and whole-group projects help in building group cohesiveness.
4. Make the curriculum and teaching materials relevant to students:
Teachers who are obsessed in covering the curriculum and those who teach for the test are not found to be motivating the students. some technique to motivate learners are
- Teacher should personalize the curriculum.
- Relate the subjects to everyday experiences.
- Map the background life of the students with examples and,
- Provide additional materials where necessary.
5. Make learning stimulating and enjoyable for the learner by making the tasks more interesting:
Discuss that are challenging, have interesting and relevant content engage the learner’s fantasy and yield tangible, finished products are likely to inspire learners.
6. Use goal-setting methods in your classroom:
Establishing group goals and class goals is crucial in learning. Teacher can show students how to break down tasks and assignments into small steps, how to set a timeline for reaching the goal and how to monitor/evaluate their own progress.
7. Provide learners with regular experiences of success:
Building self-esteem and self-confidence is an important aspect of classroom motivation. creating multiple opportunities for students to experience success is also vital for academic achievement.
8. Remove or reduce anxiety-provoking environment:
Various instance of anxiety that students feel in a training facility have been known to have serious effect or impact in their learning performance.
- Teachers must avoid competition, with successful and unsuccessful learners.
- Cooperation and collaboration with strong and week learners must be encouraged. Tests and assessments should be made less threatening.
- We must avoid labeling learners as ‘slow’ ’weak’ or ’better’ than others.
9. Use rewards and grades in a motivating manner:
Rewards and grades can do a great deal of damage. But
- Teachers can reduce their de motivating impact as much as possible by using them sparingly.
- Grades should reflect learner effort and improvement and not just achievement levels.
- Continuous assessment and self and peer evaluation procedures should be encouraged.
Motivation is one of the key issues in education. Teachers need to equip themselves with diverse strategies and techniques to generate and sustain motivation in the classroom.
V. Motivational Quotes
I have included a very useful list of Motivational Quotes in the PDF version of this article. Click here to Download 9 Effective Motivation Strategies in PDF format.